Whitehorse Cadet Summer Training Centre

Backgrounder

The Cadet Movement

The national cadet movement is directed by the Canadian Forces through six regional commands: Northern, Pacific, Prairie, Central, Eastern and Atlantic. Nationally, 60,000 cadets participate in training programs at their home corps or squadrons throughout the school year. Approximately 22,000 cadets continue their training at 30 cadet summer training centres across the country. The cadet program is sponsored by the Navy League of Canada, the Army and Air Cadet Leagues of Canada, the Canadian Forces and local community groups.

Cadets are trained by officers of the Cadet Instructors Cadre, a sub-component of the Canadian Forces Reserve. These officers receive limited military training and are usually enrolled for their interest in working with young people and their expertise in a particular field. Other instruction and support are provided by soldiers from a variety of Canadian Reserve and Regular Force units.

The cadet movement continues to be the major youth activity in the Yukon and Northwest Territories. Army cadet corps (18) are found in the communities of Whitehorse and Watson Lake, Yukon; and in the Northwest Territories in Yellowknife, Inuvik, Norman Wells, Fort Simpson, Hay River, Rae-Edzo, Fort Good Hope, Fort Smith, Cambridge Bay, Baker Lake, Rankin Inlet, Arviat, Hall Beach, Gjoa Haven, Igloolik, Arctic Bay and Lake Harbour. Air cadet corps (5) are located in Whitehorse, Dawson City and Faro, Yukon; and in Yellowknife and Iqaluit, Northwest Territories.

Whitehorse Cadet Summer Training Centre

The only permanent cadet camp "North of 60," Whitehorse Cadet Summer Training Centre (WCSTC) offers challenging outdoor programs for young Canadians aged 12-18 years. Attributes of good citizenship, leadership, teamwork, physical fitness; and environmental specialties such as flying, mountaineering, watermanship, orienteering and wilderness survival are the principal training activities. WCSTC is currently under the command of Major Lance Koschzeck.

More than 350 cadets attend summer training. Approximately 60% of these cadets are from northern communities, with some Inuit or Dene cultural descent. The others are from Canada's southern provinces, with the exception of 12 cadets who are part of an exchange program with the United Kingdom. The following cadet courses, which run from two to seven weeks, are offered in 1996:

Army and Air Cadet Basic - A basic introduction to camp life and the army/air cadet summer training program. These cadets are usually between the ages of 12-14 years and it is often their first time away from their home community. For some of the new cadets, who come from northern communities, it is their first experience at living amongst trees and a concentrated population.

Army Cadet Leader - Cadets aged 13-15 years are trained to become junior leaders in their home corps or squadron. Successful completion of this course is a prerequisite for promotion to Sergeant.

Army Cadet Leader Instructor (Patrolling) - Cadets aged 14-16 years are trained to become senior leaders capable of instructing in a field environment. The framework for this course is based on phases of army patrolling and small group taskings. Successful completion of this course is a prerequisite for promotion to Warrant Officer.

Army Cadet Leader Instructor (Band, Pipes & Drums) - Each band cadet, aged 14-16 years, attempts to qualify for their next highest cadet musician level, while learning how to operate as a member and instructor of an army cadet corps band. The band also performs at course graduations and at other community events throughout the Yukon.

Air Crew Survival - Cadets aged 13-16 years are taught basic wilderness survival skills as well as instructional techniques. Training exercises take them to areas where both above and below the tree-line conditions are experienced.

Flying Scholarship Program - Twelve cadets, aged 17-18 years, take part in this national program, which has been a part of WCSTC's curriculum for the past two years. Sponsored by the Department of National Defence, the Air Cadet League of Canada and the Air Transport Association of Canada, its aim is to qualify cadets with their private pilot licence, as defined by Transport Canada standards.

Staff Cadet Training - Once a cadet is between 16 and 17 years of age, (s)he may be employed as a staff cadet at the camp. Staff cadets assist the officers who run the courses with training and instruction. They may also be employed to assist with the camp support services (i.e. canteen and supply). Staff cadets are paid at the same rate as a Canadian Forces Reserve private or corporal.

History

The Whitehorse Cadet Summer Training Centre was established in 1973 at Yukon Hall in downtown Whitehorse. Indoor training was conducted at a number of Whitehorse schools. Field training took place outside city boundaries in the Carcross and Skagway areas.

Ten years later, the Department of National Defence leased the unused Wolf Creek Juvenile Corrections Centre from the Yukon Territorial Government. The new cadet camp, situated 20km south of Whitehorse and surrounded by 460 acres of woodland, officially opened on July 12, 1984.

In 1990, the Canadian Forces Northern Area Detachment was co-located with the cadet camp and the facilities were renamed "Boyle Barracks," in honour of Colonel Joseph Boyle, a First World War hero from the Yukon.

For more information...

To obtain more information about the Whitehorse Cadet Summer Training Camp, please e-mail Captain Julie Landry at paffo@yknet.yk.ca


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